Report on posting of workers – A1 Portable Documents issued in 2018

Report on A1 Portable Documents issued in 2018

Once again, Frederic De Wispelaere and Prof. Jozef Pacolet from HIVA-KU Leuven, together with Lynn De Smedt, published their annual report on A1 Portable Documents (A1 PDs) issued in 2018, commissioned by the European Commission.

Number of A1 Portable Documents issued in recent years.

The authors note that data on the number of A1 PDs has been revealing a rising tendency since 2011. The rapid growth of A1 PDs’ numbers issued by Member States came in 2017. Importantly, in 2018 there was not so much evolution in this regard. According to the report, in 2018, almost 3 million A1 PDs were issued.

Therefore, in 2018 compared to 2017, the number of A1 issued to service providers in another Member State in accordance with Article 12 and in the case of activities in two or more Member States in accordance with Article 13 shows a growth rate of 4.7% and 7.2% respectively, compared to 2017, which means an overall increase of around 6%.

The countries that issued much more A1 in 2018 compared to 2017 are Spain (+44,000 A1 PDs), Poland (+ 26,440 A1 PDs) and Slovakia (+1,738).

Slovenia registered a sharp decrease in the number of A1 PDs issued. In 2017, Slovenia was the fourth most important Member State issuing A1 PDs. However, in 2018, ‘only’ 127,000 A1 PDs were issued, which is a decrease of one third compared to 2017.

Poland is at the forefront

In 2018, the two main issuing Member States were Poland (605,785 A1 PDs) and Germany (475,704 A1 PDs). About 36% of the total amount thereof were issued by these two countries.
As the main sending Member State, Poland issued 39% of A1 to persons covered by Art. 12 and 58% to persons covered by Art. 13. The third most important Member State issuing A1 PDs is Spain (248,532 issued). Italy, Belgium, Slovakia, Slovenia, France, Austria and the Netherlands all issued over 100,000 A1 PDs.

Seven Member States issued less than 100,000 but more than 50,000 A1 PDs (Luxembourg, Lithuania, Portugal, Romania, Croatia, Hungary and the Czech Republic). Great Britain, Denmark, Switzerland, Bulgaria, Latvia, Estonia and Sweden issued less than 50,000, but over 10,000 PD A1. Finally, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Norway, Cyprus, Malta, Liechtenstein and Iceland issued less than 10 000 A1 PDs.

Number of A1 issued in the Member States of the ‘old EU’ and ‘new EU’.

Making a distinction between EU-15 Member States and EU-13 Member States, the report noted that approximately 1.65 million A1 PDs were issued by EU-15 Member States and approximately 1.3 million A1 PDs by EU-13 Member States. Thus, in percentage terms, around 56% of A1 PDs were issued by EU-15 Member States and 43% by EU-13 Member States.

The number of A1 PDs issued pursuant to Art. 12 and Art. 13.

In 2018, a total of 1,8 million A1 PDs was issued for persons covered by Art. 12. The main sending Member States were Germany (409 340 A1), Poland (238 525 A1) and to a lesser extent Italy (148 863), Spain (123 670) and France (117 739). Slovenia, which in 2017 issued the third largest number of A1 PDs in accordance with article 12 of all Member States, is no longer in the top five of the most important sending Member States.

Compared to 2017, the total number of A1 PDs issued pursuant to Art. 12 increased by more than 81 300 certificates. This evolution is mainly due to the increased number of certificates issued by Germany (+77.249 PD A1 or + 23% compared to 2017).

When it comes to persons covered by Art. 13, a total of 1.1 million A1 were issued. Poland is the main issuing Member State because it issued almost 351,000 A1 PDs or almost a third of thosecertificates issued to persons pursuing activities in two or more Member States.

The number of A1 PDs issued to persons covered by Art. 13 increased from 168,279 A1 PDs issuedd in 2010 to about 1.1 million in 2018. This is an extraordinary increase in a short time. A total in 2018 the number of A1 PDs issued on the basis of Art. 13 A1 increased by 7% compared to the previous year.

Several Member States issued much more A1 PDs compared to 2017. This applies in particular to Spain (+44,050), Poland (+ 26,440) and Slovakia (+19.738 A1 PDs).

In particular, it was Poland that had a strong impact on the total increase in the number of A1 PDs issued in accordance with Art. 13 between 2010 and 2018. In 2010, Poland issued only 44 018 A1 PDs in accordance with Art. 13. This number has been steadily increasing every year. In 2018, no less than 351,000 forms were issued.

Katarzyna Węglarz [LMIA]